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Miscellaneous Posts by thesweetcheat

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Bishop Kinkell (Chambered Cairn)

If you like your chambered cairns obscure, this one's for you. From Canmore:
This Orkney-Cromarty, Polygonal, round chambered cairn, truncated by a field wall, has had almost all the cairn material removed - though an indefinite edge can be traced for about 30 ft. from the chamber on the S. and W.
Nine stones remain of the chamber, whose entrance was in the E, and of these 5 represent what was formerly 3 pairs of transverse slabs spaced 3-5 feet apart and probably indicating a very short passage and ante chamber.
The main chamber, once oval and about 11 ft x 7 1/2 ft, is represented by only 4 slabs 1ft 9ins. to 3 ft. high - rather taller than the transverse slabs.

Cerrig y Gof (Burial Chamber)

In "Prehistoric Preseli - a field guide" (2001 Atelier Productions) NP Figgis mentions the missing capstone from the eastern chamber is "known to have been used for a bridge".

At the western end of the Cerrig y Gof field is a stream, and the road crosses it over a small bridge with an interesting name: Pont Heb Wybod ("bridge without knowledge"). Dyfed HER pages mention that it was recorded earlier as Pont y Wibod ("bridge of knowledge")!

Anyway, there are lots of stones next to the bank of the stream, including one large slab. Potentially of more interest though is a further slab built into the embankment next to the bridge structure. Could this have been the missing capstone?

Bedd Morris (Standing Stone / Menhir)

The accident that saw the stone knocked over and broken in 2011 did at least have the effect of confirming the prehistoric origin of the stone.

From Dyfed HER:
A standing stone 2.2m high x 0.9m x 0.45m wide at its base situated on the roadside verge next to a pasture field. The stone bears an inscription and an Ordnance Survey bench mark on its east face. The inscription indicates the boundary between the parishes of Llanychlwyddog and Newport and the stone is utilised thus as a boundary marker.

In October 2011, the scheduled Bedd Morris standing stone broke and toppled over, probably having been hit by a vehicle. The upper part of the stone was subsequently removed from the site for safe keeping. A small-scale excavation in February 2012 recovered the snapped-off base of the stone, and established that the stone had probably been originally erected in the prehistoric period. Several hammer stones and stone flakes from dressing the stone were discovered in the stone socket. Two Bronze Age radiocarbon determinations from charcoal from the stone socket are strong supporting evidence for the stone having been erected in the prehistoric period and not moved until hit by the vehicle. In November 2012 the stone was repaired and reset into its original socket.

K Murphy October 2013

Castell Treruffydd (Enclosure)

Immediately east of the fort is a collapsed sea cave called Pwll y Wrach (known in English as "The Witch's Cauldron").

It's a great place to see seals, although I've not been able to find any folklore associated with the name.

Coflein has some aerial shots of both the fort and the Cauldron.

Dinas Fawr and Porth y Bwch (Cliff Fort)

There are two possible prehistoric sites on the headlands either side of Aber-west beach.

Dinas Fawr (SM812230) is a very prominent headland on the south of the cove, thought at one time to be an Iron Age cliff fort, but current opinion is that this may not be the case. Both Coflein and Dyfed HER are not convinced. The setting is ideal and very typical for a cliff fort, with a narrow neck cutting off a wider headland. However, the spine of the headland is very rocky and sharp and there is little in the way of a flat surface area anywhere, reducing the scope for occupation.

Porth-y-Bwch (SM81212336) is the smaller headland on the north side of the cove, narrow and crumbling. Coflein records:
Three curvilinear building platforms, the largest 5.0m in diameter, set upon an isolated summit area, some 20-25m across, of a cliff-girt promontory, where a shell-midden is also recorded, connected to the main by a narrow isthmus, across which a fragment of bank & ditch has been observed.

Craig Cerrig-gleisiad (Ancient Village / Settlement / Misc. Earthwork)

Information from the Clwyd Powys Archaelogical Trust HER:
The earlier settlement complex occupies the E.-facing outer slope of the cwm between 402 and 442 m above O.D., and measures 160 m (E.-W.) by 140 m (N.-S.) It comprises a group of hillslope-set scooped enclosures including hut circles and associated embankments.

The most norwesterly is a pair of roughly circular hut platforms set upon a natural, boulder-strewn semi-circular rush-grown terrace to the N. of the stream which now drains the cwm. The hut embankments recognised here by the O.S. in 1976 were difficult to distinguish with confidence in 1981 and 1991. This hut group lies immediately outside, which is a subrectangular enclosure embanked by rubble walls up to 3 m wide and 0.4 m high, the longer axis aligned N.N.W.- S.S.E. (of c. 35 m by 23 m). This is bisected unequally by the stream, leaving a smaller, more incomplete enclosed area on the N. bank, whilst an internal E.-W. dividing bank makes a full enclosure of the steeply-sloping southern part, which is entered through a gap about 2 m wide about halfway down the E. side. Protruding from the S. terminal is a linear outwork curving away a few metres to the N.
The setting is part of a beautiful nature reserve, below some of the most striking cliffs in the Brecon Beacons.

http://www.ccgc.gov.uk/landscape--wildlife/protecting-our-landscape/special-landscapes--sites/protected-landscapes/national-nature-reserves/craig-cerrig-gleisiad-a-fan-fr.aspx

Blaen Glyn (Cairn(s))

From the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust HER:
Large impressive cairn measures c.16m E-W x 13m N-S. The actual height of the cairn is difficult to determine as it is sited on a natural rise or terrace on an east-facing slope above Afon Tarrell. On the north and east sides the height appears to be 2m, but on the upslope side only 1.2m. The cairn is turf-covered and in good condition, but there is a north-south scar on its summit, c. 1.7m wide x 3.5m long x 0.25m deep, which is probably the result of an old excavation trench. (CPAT 2005)


There is another substantial cairn higher up the same field, which CPAT record as a post-medieval clearance cairn (Afon Tarell W Cairn II).

Roskestal West Cliff (Round Cairn)

The map of Penwithian round barrows in Cheryl Straffon's revised "The Earth Mysteries Guide to Ancient Sites in West Penwith" (2010) shows a coastal barrow at Roskestal.

There's nothing listed on Pastscape or the Cornwall and Scilly HER, although there have been various finds of stone tools on the cliffs here, as well as a prehistoric field system.

Pordenack Point (Round Barrow(s))

Three or possibly four barrows on the rocky headland of Pordenack Point. The most easterly appears to have the remains of a retaining kerb or circle. Descriptions from Pastscape:

SW 34622417 (Russell No 8)
A mutilated or gutted turf-covered mound approximately 6.5m in diameter and about 0.7m high. Its centre is hollow and a few squarish boulders and stones are evident (almost at ground level) forming a crude structure which is approximately 2.0m by 1.2m internally and about 0.3m high. Spoil from the centre has been piled up on the sides thus heightening parts of the mound. The structure is almost certainly not the remins of a lookout hut as suggested by Geary because, again, all vistas, except to the north-west, are blocked by outcropping rock. It has the appearance of a crudely excavated mound with perhaps, as suggested by Russell, the remains of a cist in the centre. If this is the case it is odd that Henderson did not note the fact and also the existence of the adjacent mound in 1917 (c.f. SW 32 SW 5).
SW 34632417 (Russell No 9)
An amorphous earth and stone mound built on natural outcropping rock with three large contiguous retaining slabs on the east side. It is approximately 6.7m by 6.3m and up to 1.0m high. The largest of the three slabs is 1.1m high and has two drill holes in its outer face. It is probably a barrow but it may also be associated with the adjacent buried OS triangulation point.
SW 34632418 (Russell No 7)
An extensively mutilated turf-covered mound approximately 6.0m in diameter and up to 0.6m high; two large boulders protrude through the turf. There is no evident trace of a kerb and if it is a barrow it is in a very poor
condition.
SW 3468 2417
The mutilated barrow occupies a prominent cliff-top position on a heather-covered headland.

The remains of the incomplete kerb circle which measures approximately 11.0m in overall diameter comprises a total of nine exposed slabs and boulders. The largest standing slab is 0.9m high and 1.8m wide; the surviving part of the disturbed turf-covered mound averages 0.9m high.

The grave and possible small cist are as described although only the tips of the slabs protrude through the turf.

The south-west side of the mound has been completely eroded away by the coastal footpath which has cut through the kerb. The end stone of grave is now almost completely exposed and further damage will occur if the mound is not consolidated and the parth re-routed.

Published 1:2500 survey amended.

It is suggested that this barrow be scheduled.
Sadly the suggestion that the path be re-routed and barrow scheduled has not been taken up.

Salakee Downs (Cairn(s))

Salakee Down Stone Circle (SV9250 1032)

Vivien and Robert Seaney, writing in Meyn Mamvro 84 (Summer 2014), refer to a book they found in the Archives at St Mary's library: "Antiquities Historical and Monumental of the County of Cornwall" (1754) by William Borlase and its reference to a lost stone circle on Salakee Down, together with a plan of the site.

Part of the circle is formed by a "Great Stone" with "13 basons" on its top. Borlase depicts the stone in an engraving and describes it as over 7 feet tall, with a girth of 40 feet. The Seaneys located this stone and next to it found a flat area of exposed rock, which they believe is the location of the lost stone circle. They commented that the smaller stones shown in Borlase's plan have disappeared, leaving only larger earthfast stones.

Full details of their findings are set out in Meyn Mamvro 84. Meyn Mamvro

Kelsey Head Cliff Castle (Cliff Fort)

In addition to the main V-shaped fort mentioned in pure joy's miscellaneous post, there is a further defended headland on the Kelseys, overlooking Porth Joke at SW 76855 60709. It isn't shown on Ordnance Survey 1:25000 mapping, but is scheduled along with the larger site.

http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1020026&searchtype=mapsearch

Pentire Point East (Round Barrow(s))

Descriptions of the cairns at Pentire Point East from the National Heritage List for England:
The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three round cairns situated on the coastal headland dividing Fistral Bay from Crantock Beach. The cairns are arranged in a west to east linear alignment and survive as circular stony mounds, two with retaining kerbs. The westernmost is on the tip of the headland and has an outer retaining stone kerb measuring up to11.4m in diameter; an inner cairn of up to 0.8m high; and a possible stone-lined cist to the north east defined by three large slabs of slate. A concrete platform, bench and the base of a signpost have been erected on the mound and are excluded from the monument although the ground beneath these features is included. The central cairn mound has an outer retaining kerb and measures up to 12m in diameter and 1m high. On the centre of the mound a bench has been erected, and there is the base of a signpost on the east side by the kerb. These features are also excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath them is included. The eastern cairn mound measures up to 23m in diameter and 1.5m high.

Carn-y-Wiwer (Ynyshir) (Cairn(s))

Cairnfield of small cairns, presumably clearance cairns in the main.

Coflein/RCAHMW suggests it may be post Medieval, but Glamorgan Gwent Archaeological Trust have assigned a Bronze Age date. The site is certainly very similar to other Bronze Age cairn-fields in South Wales.

There is one possible funerary cairn at ST0276794150, described by GGAT as:

"Cairn in Carn y Wiwer cairnfield. Roughly circular with flat top, much better marked than other cairns in the group. Edges grass-covered, but the top has been denuded of vegetation (probably through placing of black plastic on top) revealing a mass of small pieces of sandstone (0.1m) set in dark earth. Dimensions: 5.7m diameter, c0.3m high."

Darren (Crickhowell) (Ring Cairn)

Coflein description:
Well-preserved ring cairn c. 12.7m diam, composed of a bank of boulders c. 1.5m wide x 0.3m high. Sited on gently S-facing slope with principal view SW down Usk valley, c. 100m NE of prehistoric hut settlement. Largely turf and billberry covered

Nant yr Ychen (Round Cairn)

A cairn of uncertain age, but Coflein suggests it may be prehistoric:
Situated on the summit of the ridge above the Nant yr Ychen and the Grwyne Fechan. Stone built and roughly circular on plan, measuring about 8m in diameter and up to 0.5m in height. Probably a routemarker, but some stones eroding out of the vegetation suggest that it could be older than post medieval. The cairn has a deep hollow, presumably the result of antiquarian investigation or robbing. The resulting spoil now forms the walker's cairn that overlies the south-east side.
It didn't grab my attention as I passed it.

Morgan's Hill (eastern group) (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery)

Group of round barrows on the eastern slopes of Morgan's Hill, running roughly parallel with the much later Wansdyke earthwork.

Only three of the multiple barrows listed on Pastscape and the six shown on the OS 1/25000 map are visible at ground level.

The OS 1/25000 shows two further barrows to the north, centred on SU034672, but these appear to have been ploughed out.

The Bryn (Cairn(s))

As well as the large cairn visited by Carl, there is a hard-to-find ring cairn to the NNW at ST13619105. Coflein has the following description:
Almost circular cairn rim on ground which slopes NW, thereby ruling out the possibility of it being a hut circle. There are a few large stones in the interior. condition=Near Destroyed

Ring cairn or robbed round cairn consisting of a ring bank 1.5m-2.8m wide and 0.4m high, 13.4m ext. diameter, with a break in the NW quadrant (1967). By 1979 the cairn was already enveloped in dense conifer plantation and by 1991 neither the ring cairn nor its neighbouring small mound could be reached.

Cwmeldeg (Cairn(s))

There are two cairns here. The northern one (ST10489223) is as described in Carl's fieldnote.

The southern one (ST10509215) is smaller. Coflein:
On open moorland, is a grass and bracken covered stony mound, diameter 7.0m, height 0.6m. A probable cairn. Discovered during field investigation (OS).


There is also a recumbent stone (natural?) lying a little to the north of the northern cairn, as the ground starts to slope away.

Carneddi Llwydion (Cairn(s))

Linear-ish group of cairns on the Senghenydd Ridge. Coflein descriptions for each (west-east):
Cairn A (ST10479193)
measures 9m diameter, 0.7m high on the SE, 0.1m on the NW. The centre has been dug out to ground level. Uncertainly a round barrow; if it is the location looks unusual.
Cairn B (ST105920)
measures 15.2m in diameter and 0.6m high. The ring-like perimeter measures 1.5m-1.8m wide, possibly an integral part of construction but possibly a feature of erosion.
Cairn C (ST10529204)
measures 17.1m in diameter and 0.9m high. The pronounced ring-like rim measures 2.1m-2.8m wide and 0.3m high.

Twyn-y-Gwynt (Chambered Tomb)

Coflein description of what may be a fortuitous natural stone setting, or something more exciting:
Two large earthfast slabs on north facing slopes of Twyn-y-gwynt, standing some 6ft tall. It is uncertain whether these represent natural outcropping rocks, or remnants of a deliberate prehistoric structure - perhaps a collapsed Neolithic burial chamber. Some 26m north-east are two large recumbent slabs, one partly grass covered, the other lying partly on top of it. These slabs give the appearance of a toppled prehistoric structure but again, the antiquity or origin of these slabs cannot be ascertained without further investigation. The sites were first noted and reported to the NMRW by Mr Graham J Oxlade, Pontypridd.
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