The Modern Antiquarian. Ancient Sites, Stone Circles, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic Mysteries

Miscellaneous Posts by stubob

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Lord's Seat (Round Barrow(s))

The first verse of many by William Bennet 1867.

THE DRIVING OF THE DEER.

Lord Peverel stood on the Lord's Seat,
And an angry man was he;
For he heard the sound of a hunter's horn
Slow winding up the lea.
He look'd to north, he look'd to south,
And east and west look'd he:
And " Holy cross! "the fierce Norman cried,"
Who hunts in my country?

Harthill Moor Barrow (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery)

Easily seen in the field between the road and the farm. Ploughing has damaged the barrow which was excavated in 1877 by Jewitt and Greenwell when a
disturbed limestone cist was discovered together with the remains of two cremations.

Farley Moor (Standing Stone / Menhir)

HER No.: 9871


A standing stone was identified in woodland on Farley Moor, at c. SK 29966302. It was reported as standing over 6ft tall. The stump of another was said to be a little distance away; no grid reference was provided for this second stone.

The 1st edition 25" Ordnance Survey map of c. 1880 marks 'Stone' at this site, which at that time was open moorland. Nothing is shown on the 2nd edition.



(Heritage Gateway)

Harboro' Rocks (Rocky Outcrop)

The views from the Rocks are about to change....a windfarm is being built on the nearby Carsington Pastures. Groundwork's already started.

Farley Moor (Standing Stone / Menhir)

Along with the Peak Park Board I also contacted the Forestry Commission, who are the landowners, about the stone, to see if they had any thoughts or info on the stone.
In the end I ended up telling them what I had found out. But they did tell me that there are plans to carry on clearing the area around the stone of trees.

Faybrick (Natural Rock Feature)

In 1691 the 'remarkable Ashover personality of later Stuart times', Leonard Wheatcroft, wrote in his autobiography "And in that yeare I bu(i)lde(d) the fabrick upon the top of Ashover Hill, upon which I made a song which you may find in my booke of poetry'. This records how on April 11 1689 Wheatcroft had lit a bonfire on the hilltop to celebrate the coronation of King William of Orange and Queen Mary Stuart and that he had decided to "bu(i)ld me up a fabrick, to behould each pleasant day". It was obviously intended as a kind of rustic folly or summer house where he and his friends could celebrate the Protestant Succession. We have some knowledge of the appearance of his 'Fabrick' as it was recorded on a plan and elevation by Hayman Rooke in 1784. This shows that the natural rock outcrop sloping from north-east to south-west had been built up with squared stone to create an oval tower-like structure measuring 9 ft by 6 ft. The top of the wall has the effect of being battlemented, but this may simply be the result of years of decay. An entrance was left at the south-east side and around the inside of the horseshoe-shaped wall was a continuous stone seat. The top of the rock seems to have been made up with earth or stones to form a flat but sloping floor, in the middle of which stood an oval stone 'table'. The sketch agrees with Wheatcroft's own description of the structure. "This fabrickes bu(i)lded like an ovall, 'tis neaither square nore loung nor round". He also mentioned that "in it there is but one doore". Whether it ever had a roof or any type of wooden superstructure is not clear but no trace of this artificial building now remains.

From the Derbyshire HER

White Cliff (Round Barrow(s))

It is thought the barrow is one excavated by Thomas Bateman in 1851. He found it to contain a central limestone cist containing a pottery urn
inverted over the remains of a cremation and a burnt bone pin.
He discovered a second cist containing the crouched skeletons of two adults and two children accompanied by a food vessel and a number of flint implements.
An adult crouched burial was found close to this second cist and a further two burials of children by the central cist

Burton Moor (Round Barrow(s))

Thomas Bateman excavated here in the late 1840's, discovering three crouched burials in a rock cut grave with flints and a jet necklace accompanying them. The burials in turn were coverd by stones, on the top of these stones were a cremation and animal bones.
A later Anglian burial was also discovered.


Info: Barnatt, Marsden and NMR.

Blake Low (Round Barrow(s))

Thomas Bateman excavated the barrow in the late 1840's, discovering a rock cut grave. In it were the bones of a teenage girl and younger infant accompanied by a beaker.
There was a stone cist nearby containing 6 burials and flint implements.

Dudwood (Ancient Village / Settlement / Misc. Earthwork)

The hut circle is Romano-British and is the survivor of what once were three, the other two were damaged when found and have since been lost to the plantation.

Although outside of the websites remit, it is quite possibly handy to keep the entries as the hut circles are more than likely the stone circles described by Hayman Rooke in the 18th Century.

Robin Hood's Stride (Rocky Outcrop)

From the DAJ:

"Across Robin Hood's Stride are at least seven groups of probable cup marks; six on the outcrop proper and one on a largeboulder to the SE."

Rowtor Rocks (Cup and Ring Marks / Rock Art)

Further to the rock art that is shown in the photographs the DAJ note 3 more examples

i) Two parrallel lines of cups flanked by two pairs of cups with a long groove above them

ii) A large cup surrounded by a ring of seven cups with a further five cups nearby.

iii) Similar to ii) a central cup and five outer cups.

Green Low (Burial Chamber)

The passage of the chamber is unmistakenly aligned to Harboro' Rocks a short distance away....I have a hair brained theory that the builders of the mound were acknowledging a local historically important place....the Rocks are the site of another Neolithic chambered burial but the finds made around them, like the Hopton handaxe, takes Harboro' back in human history to the Paleolithic.

Elton Common

I haven't had chance to read them yet but Elton Common has been mentioned twice in the Derbyshire Archaeological Journal.....

1968: A Late Neolithic Site at Elton

&

1982: Field Walking at Elton Common.

Crackendale Pasture (Round Barrow(s))

25 x 16m barrow opened by bateman in 1851 and described in his 'Ten Years Digging.....' volume. He recovered a burial of human and animal bone within the mound and on the old ground surface, beneath the mound, he found 4 disturbed inhumations accompanied by a beaker and a bone artefact. Around this central burial were 5 concentric arcs of stone.

Info: J. Barnatt & J. Collis.

Basset Wood (Round Barrow(s))

Excavated by Bateman in 1845 and recorded in his 'Vestiges of .....' book a few years later. He found a central burial on a limestone pavement beneath the mound, and a cremation in a pit.

Info: J.Barnatt & J. Collis

Ows Low (Round Barrow(s))

Plough damaged barrow measuring 16x14m. Excavated by Lucas and Carrington in the 1860's, the results were badly recorded so all that is known is they found bone, pottery and flint of unspecified types.

Info J.Barnatt & J.Collis

Crow Chin South (Cairn(s))

There are visible disturbances at the centre of the structure suggesting there may have been a very limited excavation.

From the NMR.

Crow Chin North (Cairn(s))

Excavation of the cairn has revealed artefacts, indicating that the structure was a Bronze Age funerary monument, but residual worked stone material, incorporated into the mound, indicates that the immediate area was also occupied during the earlier Mesolithic period.

From NMR.

Bee Low (Round Cairn)

Partial excavations carried out by Thomas Bateman in 1843 and 1851, and by Marsden in the late 1960s, have revealed the remains of eleven human burials of adults and children, most of which were crouched inhumations but some of which were cremations. The primary burial was a cremation laid on a flat stone at the centre of the mound adjacent to a barbed and tanged flint arrowhead. Several of the secondary burials were laid in rock-cut graves or cists formed of limestone slabs, one of which was
covered by a paved chert ceiling. In addition to the crouched skeleton, the latter grave contained a flint knife and a decorated clay drinking vessel.
This and other similar vessels assign the barrow to the Beaker period or Early Bronze Age, and this date is supported by other Bronze Age artefacts which, in addition to flint implements, include a number of Bronze pins. Also found, on
the old land surface beneath the barrow, was a Neolithic polished stone axe and a pointed arrowhead of a similar date. These earlier artefacts are likely to be residual remains contained in the material used to build the barrow.

Info from the NMR.
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