The Modern Antiquarian. Ancient Sites, Stone Circles, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic Mysteries

Links by Rhiannon

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Trowie Knowe (Chambered Cairn)


From the Proceedings of the Antiquaries Society of Scotland v39 - John Abercromby reports how he 'attacked the cairn' on the 2nd of June 1904, which was honest and enthusiastic at least. I hoped there might be a bit of a story about the 'Trowie' (or troll) but there isn't.

Hanging Bank, Ecton Hill (Round Barrow(s))

Peak District Mines Historical Society

You might like this link, Stubob - it's an article by John Barnatt and Garth Thomas about the evidence pointing to copper mining at Ecton Hill in prehistoric times. It's from 'Mining History' - there are lots of other editions on the website
It must have been a significant place.

Whitley Church (Enclosure)

Stocksbridge and District History Society

This page has photos of Wharncliffe Crags, a recent sculpture of the dragon, and the dark gap in the looming crags that was the dragon's den.

Ty Illtyd (Chambered Tomb)

Google Books

A page from the RCAHMS's Inventory of Ancient Monuments in Brecknock, showing a diagram of the various incised marks on one of the stones.

Auchenlaich Cairn (Chambered Cairn)


'Claish, Stirling: an early Neolithic structure in its context', in Proc. Soc. Antiq. Scot. v132 (2002).

Page 114 of the article has a section by S M Foster and J B Stevenson on the "extraordinary monument" of the cairn.

Giant's Grave (Holcombe) (Long Barrow)

Internet Archive

'Records by Spade and Terrier' by the Rev. J.D.C. Whickham. You can read about the excavations of the Giant's Ground in 1909.

Spetisbury Rings (Hillfort)

British Museum

The bronze cauldron in colour.

Old Oswestry (Hillfort)

Past Horizons

George Nash talks about the 'Pegasus Stone', found in 2008 near the currently beleaguered fort. It's a raised carving of a horse and could be from the Iron Age / Romano-British era...

(tipped off from the Heritage Journal's mention of a seminar in Oswestry on the 22nd February)

The Hole Stone (Holed Stone)

Out and About with Joe Graham

Mr Graham standing with the stone on its rocky mound.

Coygen Camp (Promontory Fort)

Gathering the Jewels

35,000 year old Neanderthal hand axes found in the cave.

Marden Henge (and Hatfield Barrow)

"Journeys and Juxtapositions: Marden Henge and the View from the Vale," by Jim Leary and David Field (2012).

"This short paper sets out a summary of a project to investigate the henge at Marden and its surroundings in the Vale of Pewsey, which includes an excavation carried out in 2010 across the footprint of the now demolished Neolithic mound known as the Hatfield Barrow and the discovery of a well-preserved Neolithic building surface and midden. It argues that whilst archaeologists have traditionally focussed on the Wessex chalk upland, the real action happened in the river valleys, with rivers and springs being of particular significance to communities during the Neolithic period."

Winceby Stone (Natural Rock Feature)

Rod Collins

Rod has a nice photo of the stone in its new roadside spot.

Gaer Fawr (Welshpool) (Hillfort)


Gaer Fawr Hillfort: An Analysis of the Earthworks. A report from 2009 about the 'Great Fort'.

Gathering the Jewels

A little hollow bronze boar was found at (or at least, near) the hillfort, and has been interpreted as an ornament for an Iron Age helmet. It's also known as the Guilsfield boar. It gets a mention in 'An inventory of the ancient monuments of Montgomeryshire' here:
The following extract from a letter of the 1st February, 1833, from Mr. P.G.Mytton, Garth Cottage, Llanfyllin, to the Rev. Walter Davies, is of importance:--
"If you can give me any information respecting a piece of antiquity found on Varchoel Demesne, the property of my uncle, you will very much help him and myself. It is of solid gold in the shape of a wild boar; its weight two ounces, length about two inches, and height about one; it is grooved under the belly longitudinally, the groove about 1/8th inch wide ... I have stated the size from conjecture, not having measured it; but the weight is correct."
The hillfort itself was part of the Garth estate until the mid-twentieth century (as you can read about on the other link). Garth Hall was a rather striking building but now demolished. Calling the boar 'solid gold' was a bit ambitious if it's bronze and hollow, so you can only hope he was more accurate about the animal's origins. By 1871 Archaeologia Cambrensis seemed certain it was found 'within [the] ancient work' of the fort, but 'under what circumstances it was first discovered, and whether associated with any other remains, has not been handed down.' Ah but luckily that sort of thing doesn't happen these days does it? Oh.

Capel Garmon (Chambered Cairn)

National Museum Wales

The truly amazing Iron Age Capel Garmon firedog was found not far from here. You can visit it in person at the museum in Cardiff. The museum's website has some photos curiously hidden away on this page: click the 'media' tab to see them.

In Archaeologia Cambrensis (1863) it says:
The relic [...] was discovered in May, 1852, by a man cutting a ditch through a turbary on the farm of Carreg Goedog, near Capel Garmon, Llanrwst. It lay on the clay subsoil, flat upon its side, with a large stone at each end, and at a considerable depth. The spot is quite unfrequented, nor are there any remains of ancient buildings. It is all of iron, and the execution indicates considerable taste and skill. It is in some parts much corroded, and exposure to the air decomposed the metal considerably [...]
Although the journal suggests the firedog was found "at the foot of" Dinas Mawr, at the confluence of the Conway and Machno rivers (which would be Romantically Celtic), the farm of Carreg-coediog isn't actually at its foot at all. But it's not far away.

Blackcastle Rings (Promontory Fort)


The banks and ditches of the fort look so crisp in this aerial photo.

Parc Le Breos (Long Cairn)

Internet Archive

'Description of the Parc Cwm Tumulus' by J. Lubbock - the tale of how the mound was excavated in 1869. In 'Archaeologia Cambrensis' v4 (1887).

Stanwick Fortifications (Ancient Village / Settlement / Misc. Earthwork)

Archaeology at the BBC

Sir Mortimer and Magnus: the Festival Dig.

Jolly good wot. I won't spoil this topping story which Sir Malcolm Wheeler expertly (and meanderingly) spins for you and 'Mag'* about some rare and gruesome finds at Stanwick. He's raconteur and archaeologist combined, and a character from a totally different era. This is confirmed with a shock when he describes how he looked out of a window to see troops passing at the outbreak of the first world war. He's a sprightly 84 in this 15 minute film from 1974.

(* I defy anyone not to cringe at this point.)

Boles Barrow (Long Barrow)

Internet Archive

William Cunnington's notes about the opening of the Boles Barrow in 1801, in volume 111 of the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History magazine (June 1924).

There are also photographs of the mysterious bluestone.

Wick Barrow (Round Barrow(s))

Archaeology at Hinkley Point

A photo of the barrow, by Pauline Rook. Plus there are great photos of its excavation on this page:
including a photo of one its inhabitants. A skull that is, not a pixie. I think the pixies must have moved out for the excavation - the stones are laid bare.
Showing 1-20 of 505 links. Most recent first | Next 20
This hill, it has a meaning that is very important for me, but it's not rational. It's beautiful, but when you look, there's nothing there. But I'd be a fool if I didn't listen to it.

-- Alan Garner.

...I'd rather be
A Pagan suckled in a creed outworn;
So might I, standing on this pleasant lea,
Have glimpses that would make me less forlorn...

-- William Wordsworth.

I'm currently mad on visiting Anglo-Saxon and Norman carvings and enjoy the process of drawing them:

My TMA Content: