The Modern Antiquarian. Ancient Sites, Stone Circles, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic Mysteries

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Seven Knowes (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery) — Images (click to view fullsize)

<b>Seven Knowes</b>Posted by wideford<b>Seven Knowes</b>Posted by wideford

Seven Knowes (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery) — Fieldnotes

I decided to do the Hackland Road in Rendall from north to south, starting from the junction near Skiddy. This section's only purpose seems to be to separate the Seven Knowes from mounds formerly on the downhill side near the new housing where the road turns. Marked as tumuli on the map, though not prominent if you know they are there the two chief ones are quite easy to spot approaching uphill. The southern boundary of Seven Knowes is formed by a farmtrack that goes to Enyas Hill, and Gitterpitten on the road below is the Orcadian form of the term Picts Dyke. Along the track is the fieldgate by which I entered for a closer look at the two main mounds, it being open at the time. One of these seems completely intact, truly conical, whilst the other one has a large scrape in the south side and depressions on top from previous digging (best seen from uphill).

Seven Knowes (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery) — Miscellaneous

Seven Knowes, HY32SE 8, is a compact group of bowl barrows set in boggy ground. They are on what the record calls a low plateau, and range in diameter from 12 to 35ft and in height from 18 ins to 2ft 6 ins. Excavations of three in close proximity to one another in 1998 found two of them had centrally placed cremation cists , these being evenly spaced around the mounds and taking the form of rounded pits dug into the hillwash that also covered them. Crude stone tools were found on top of the cists and also on the kerbs of these mounds. The two best surviving mounds, the largest, and most of the smaller ones have been dug before

Redland South (Chambered Cairn) — Images

<b>Redland South</b>Posted by wideford

Redland South (Chambered Cairn) — Miscellaneous

RCAMS 273 the Redland standing stone was, and stil is, the most visible piece of Redland South's stonework. Until the 1880s, when a farmer smashed it to stop livestock using it as a rubbing stone, it stood about 2m high. The irregularly topped stump is described in the late 1920s as 12 or 16" high by 3' broad by 6" thick, and aligned ENE/WSW like Staneyhill. At that time the 4'8" upper fragment, tapering to a 2'7" squared off top, lay where it fell. In 1929 the ground around the stone was described as irregular with some small earthfast stones with the smaller stump of another standing stone mere feet away. So the excavation we see here is 1930 or later. More to follow on the cairn proper when I've sifted through photos from three visits. Cairn is in two fields on your right as you go from the Evie road to the Broch of Gurness

Knowe of Stenso (Broch) — Images

<b>Knowe of Stenso</b>Posted by wideford

Millfield (Burnt Mound / Fulacht Fia) — Images

<b>Millfield</b>Posted by wideford<b>Millfield</b>Posted by wideford<b>Millfield</b>Posted by wideford

Millfield (Burnt Mound / Fulacht Fia) — Fieldnotes

Coming along the Seatter road and turning for Noltland, opposite the junction with the road passing Greentoft, the long axis of a field mound runs parallel to the road you're on. It is far larger than anything else this way, being over twice the size of all the other mounds, burnt or otherwise, in the area. The presently grass-covered slopes appear gentle to me. There is the faintest hint of a curve in the face towards the road, but rather than the vague crescent associated with burnt mounds the overall impression is that at some point it has had a huge chunk taken out. The rusty gate to the field stands between erect stones, the left one of which is atypical being so marvellously gnarled _ I have always found it strange that there are no standing stones recorded for Deerness, could this have been one ?

Millfield (Burnt Mound / Fulacht Fia) — Miscellaneous

NMRS record no. HY50NE 41 stands over a man's height at a little over 2m high and is 50m long by 17m high. The records says that under the plough as well burnt material red stones come up too.

Barnhouse Settlement (Ancient Village / Settlement / Misc. Earthwork) — Images

<b>Barnhouse Settlement</b>Posted by wideford<b>Barnhouse Settlement</b>Posted by wideford<b>Barnhouse Settlement</b>Posted by wideford<b>Barnhouse Settlement</b>Posted by wideford<b>Barnhouse Settlement</b>Posted by wideford<b>Barnhouse Settlement</b>Posted by wideford<b>Barnhouse Settlement</b>Posted by wideford<b>Barnhouse Settlement</b>Posted by wideford

The Standing Stones of Stenness (Stone Circle) — Images

<b>The Standing Stones of Stenness</b>Posted by wideford

Russel Howe (Cairn(s)) — Images

<b>Russel Howe</b>Posted by wideford

Ring of Brodgar (Stone Circle) — Images

<b>Ring of Brodgar</b>Posted by wideford<b>Ring of Brodgar</b>Posted by wideford<b>Ring of Brodgar</b>Posted by wideford<b>Ring of Brodgar</b>Posted by wideford

Fresh Knowe (Chambered Cairn) — Images

<b>Fresh Knowe</b>Posted by wideford

Comet Stone (Standing Stone / Menhir) — Images

<b>Comet Stone</b>Posted by wideford

Chapel Knowe (Broch) — Fieldnotes

Coming from Finstown along the A966 turn right onto the Burness road and soon you can make out the distinctive broch profile right of the farm, I hadn't expected to see anything. Having come a long way I used my binoculars and saw that there were kie in the field. So I bethought to turn down to East Quatquoy and make my way along the shore instead, but a garden extension stopped me short and not expecting to go this way I didn't know the state of the tides so contented myself with distant shots. At high zoom I see a low scoop coming from the mound. I presume this is the assumed chapel enclosure, but it brings to my mind the stony areas landward of two of the Evie brochs. If coming along the coast another time I would try from further back. You can see the tidal islets called the Skerries of Coubister via which one very low tide a man in waders was able to reach Damsay. His idea was folk used this route to reach the island but perhaps it had been the islanders that went the other way to reach the Burness site. For from Chapel Point there is a pre-eminent view from Finstown through Kirkwall all the way around to Crookness, taking in most of the isles in too.

Chapel Knowe (Broch) — Miscellaneous

RCAHMS record no HY31NE 1 at Chapel Point, south of Burness 'burgh headland' in Firth. The name Chapel Knowe probably replaces the field-name Chapel Park [park=quoy 'enclosure]. In 1922 Mr Stevenson, the landowner, removed copious amounts of stone to build very sturdy fieldwalls, despite which the broch profile is still obvious. A draper called Turfus found in the debris an incised 40" fragment of red sandstone with a two-and-a-half inch high cloaked figure and other assorted markings. On the west side a broch wall section 14' long and 9' high was exposed, having a 2' thick secondary wall built against the face. At its south end a lintelled passage led to a corbelled mural cell with a void above that. The mound sits on a platform aligned N/S and up to 25m across according to which direction you look. Hugh Marwick, who followed up on the discovery, estimated the broch interior as only twenty feet. The archaeologists apply the Chapel Park name to a twenty metre stone spread running NW from the mound.

Chapel Knowe (Broch) — Images

<b>Chapel Knowe</b>Posted by wideford

Knowe of Dishero (Broch) — Images

<b>Knowe of Dishero</b>Posted by wideford<b>Knowe of Dishero</b>Posted by wideford<b>Knowe of Dishero</b>Posted by wideford<b>Knowe of Dishero</b>Posted by wideford

Salt Knowe (Round Barrow(s)) — News

Pesky rabbits

This has been fenced off. April 10th Radio Orkney had an item about the protection (they have now also covered it with matting owing to rabbit damage) but don't say whether still accessible to the public. Fence visible on this pic latest pic, Salt Knowe on the left

Castle Howe (Ancient Village / Settlement / Misc. Earthwork) — Images

<b>Castle Howe</b>Posted by wideford

Quholm, Burn of Una (Burnt Mound / Fulacht Fia) — Images

<b>Quholm, Burn of Una</b>Posted by wideford<b>Quholm, Burn of Una</b>Posted by wideford

Broch of Burgar — Images

<b>Broch of Burgar</b>Posted by wideford

Knowe of Grugar (Broch) — Images

<b>Knowe of Grugar</b>Posted by wideford

Knowe of Stenso (Broch) — Images

<b>Knowe of Stenso</b>Posted by wideford

Broch of Gurness — Images

<b>Broch of Gurness</b>Posted by wideford

Howan Blo (Cist) — Images

<b>Howan Blo</b>Posted by wideford<b>Howan Blo</b>Posted by wideford

Howan Blo (Cist) — Fieldnotes

Walk west from the Deerness Stores and ooking up to the former United Free Church of Deerness a long natural mound called Howan Blo is easily seen. I have only seen it from the main road but there is a track goes by. I could see zooming in a slightly terraced slope, either from ploughing or perhaps to make inserting easier. The farm of Blow(e)s is said to be named after it.
In the excavation record I notice two similarities with George Petrie's 1861 dig at Greentoft/Milldam, no great distance away. First the use of loose stone to 'ground' the cists, and more importantly that if someone had removed the funerary urn Petrie found it would have left an urn-shaped cavity of virtually the same dimensions as that at Howan Blo. Which suggest co-evality at least, if not the same potter.

Howan Blo (Cist) — Miscellaneous

NMRS HY50NE 5. Here over the course of a few years Mr Aim, the farmer at Blow(e)s, came across internments near its crest in 1929 and 1932 (the record says 1933, but Callendar's article from that October refers the discovery to "January last"). On both occasions he covered the finds until the archaeologists came. In early March 1929 whilst digging into the clay his plough lifted the coverstone of a short cist containing an eight inch high dolomitic steatite urn and potsherds from a small urn. The cist was hollowed into a circular depresssion 4-5" deep in the centre, floored with stone flakes averaging some 5" square and ¼" thick. In plan it was approx. 20" by 16" with sides of bluish Orkney sandstone slabs each 18" deep and 1½" thick. There was a layer of burnt human bones 5-6" deep. After excavation the farmer put the remains back and covered the find. in January 1932 Mr Aim made another find only a few feet away. This consisted of a Bronze Age cinerary urn and fragments of a smaller one, both of clay. The large urn held bone ash and potsherds. When the archaeologists came and did their excavation they found an urn-shaped cavity under a coverstone just five feet away, though it had never held an urn. It measured some 15" deep and 12" wide diminishing to 5", and was almost completely filled with the dark greasy remains of bones. Though the urn passed to the museum the rest was re-buried as before.

Barnhouse Settlement (Ancient Village / Settlement / Misc. Earthwork) — Images

<b>Barnhouse Settlement</b>Posted by wideford<b>Barnhouse Settlement</b>Posted by wideford<b>Barnhouse Settlement</b>Posted by wideford
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Unemployed and so plenty of spare time for researching contributors' questions and queries and for making corrections. Antiquarian and naturalist. Mode of transport shanks's pony. Talent unnecessary endurance. I love brochs.

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