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"The Scheme's database holds records of artefacts and coins found by the public, whilst pursuing a wide range of activities (the majority from metal detecting). We do not record details of objects found by archaeologists, and these data can be found within the local Historic Environment Office."
"The half a million objects recorded mark was reached on March 21st 2010."
Details of the Dolaucothi Gold Mines and surrounding area from the National Trust. Site includes admission prices and opening times, for both the mines and the campsite.
Although this site was discovered by O G S Crawford, in the same way and at the same time as Woodhenge, it was not explored untill the late 1990's.
A sub circular enclosure is visible as a slight earthwork, though it was originally noted on air photographs. It comprises a slight bank with internal ditch, possibly interrupted by two entrances or causeways to the southeast and northwest. The diameter is circa 65 metres to 72 metres. The site has been interpreted as a possible henge, though alternatives cannot be ruled out.
A circular mark 60 paces in diameter, 193 in circumference, visible on APs 4276 and 9122. (1)
SU 20645260: A henge, slightly oval on plan and much reduced by ploughing, measuring some 45.0m in diameter internally. A probable entrance is visible in the SW and there is the suggestion of another in the NE. Surveyed at 1:2500. (2)
A probable Class II henge, oval in plan 72m NW-SE, 65m NE-SW. The ditch 0.6m deep with an inner bank 0.2m high. A causewayed enclosure is present on the southwest, with another, ill-defined on the north east. (3)
Sub-circular enclosure, visible as a slight earthwork, defined by a bank and internal ditch and possibly broken by two entrances. Possible henge. (4)
( 1) Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) - OS 6" in Devizes Museum (O G S Crawford)
( 2) Field Investigators Comments - F1 ANK 21-MAR-72
( 3) Council for British Archaeology Group 12: Newsletter 7, 1972 Page(s)16
( 4) by A F Harding ; with G E Lee 1987 Henge monuments and related sites of Great Britain : air photographic evidence and catalogue - BAR British series1 (1974) - Site 193 175 Page(s)292
A round barrow recorded as a bowl barrow by Grinsell, may have originally been a ditched bell barrow.
(SU 20275684) Oldhat Barrow (Tumulus) (NR) (1)
A large round barrow overgrown with elders. "Signs of habitation within kerb".(2)
Collingbourne Kingston 29, a large bowl barrow. "Oldhat Barrow", but in AD 921 'Brad beorh' and 'Three Knightes burrowe' in 1591.(3)
Old Hat Barrow is identical in site with (on) bradenbeorg of the Saxon charter of AD 921. 'Wide barrow', v brad,beorg. It is
'Three Knightes Burrow' on a map of 1591, perhaps from three parishes meeting here.(4)
A ditched round barrow, heavily overgrown but 4.2 metres high with 1.0 metre deep ditch. The top has been mutilated. Still known as 'Oldhat Barrow'. Published survey 1:2500 Revised.(5)
Originally recorded as Everleigh 7 by Goddard.(6)
( 1) Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) OS 6" 1926
( 2) General reference - Rec 6" (OGS Crawford undated)
( 3) General reference - VCH Wilts 1 pt 1 1957 169 (L.V Grinsell)
( 4) General reference - EPNS 16 Wilts 1939 343 (Gover Mawer & Stenton)
( 5) Field Investigators Comments - F1 MJF 29-JUN-72
(6) General reference - Wilts. Archaeol. Natur. Hist. Mag. 38. 1913-14. 253 (E.H Goddard)
The Wessex Hillforts Project is an extensive survey of hillforts in central southern England.
The book is compiled by Andrew Payne, Mark Corney and Barry Cunliff and is available in paperback ISBN: 9781873592854.
The publication is now available to download free in PDF format from English Heritage. See above.
TL 86829904 Site of (NAT) Tumulus (NR) Human Remains, Bronze Dagger & Javelin Head, Amber Beads, Gold Breastplate, & Armilla found AD 1849 (NAT) (1)
A contracted inhumation was found in 'The Triangle' (formerly known as 'Hill Field') by a workman in 1849. Grave goods included bronze weapons, gold ornaments and amber beads (see illustration) There were clear indications of a destroyed tumulus with a distinct outer circle of chalk; the burial was found west of the centre about half way towards the circumference. Finds are in Norwich Castle Museum. (3). (2-3)
St Joseph AP's (ZA 24 & 25; St Joseph AP List) show ring ditches at TL 86829904 and TL 86929906.The 1849 finds could have come from either site (Ring ditches not visible on available AP's (RAF 1955)).
Both sites were recognisable as bowl barrows when seen by R R Clarke and L V Grinsell in 1936. (4)
Objects found in 1849 represent a typical Wessex type grave group. (See Illustration) Both sites are on arable land, at
present under winter crop. No surface indications of barrows could be seen. (5-6)
No change to field report of authority 5. St Joseph's quoted APs are not available at Norwich Museum nor are they held by Norfolk Archaeological Unit. OS APs (Flights of 1975) inspected show no ring ditches in an area of intense cultivation. (7)
( 1) Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) OS 6" 1906
( 2) General reference - Norf Arch 3 1852 1-2 illust (T Barton)
( 3) General reference - BA Metalwork in Norwich Castle Museum 1966 26
( 4) General reference - Norwich Castle Museum 6" Records
( 5) General reference - PPS 4 1938 92 fig 22 (S. Piggott)
( 6) Field Investigators Comments F1 BHS 13-DEC-73
( 7) Field Investigators Comments F2 FDC 26-JAN-76
(Centred SY 790842) Five Marys (Tumuli) (NR) (seven shown) (1)
A group of barrows known as the Five Marys and shown as 'Five Meers' (boundary marks) on Taylor's Map of Dorset 1765. (See Concordance card for individual barrows and details). Two of the barrows were excavated under the direction of the exiled Duchess of Berri who resided at Lulworth Castle after the dethronement of Charles X of France (in 1830). In one barrow, a deep chalk-cut grave contained two adult inhumations (male and female in a 'sitting' (contracted) position with stag antlers placed on each shoulder of both burials. In the other barrow were the remains of a similar inhumation (male) with stag antlers overlying each shoulder, also contained within a chalk-cut grave (2,3,6).
An Abercromby Type 4 Deverel Group 2 urn containing cremated bone was also found. Now in Dorchester Museum (4). RCHM suggest that 'A' and 'C' (see Concordance) were the two barrows excavated. (2-6)
See Concordance card. (7)
The Five Marys (name not confirmed) - a group of barrows centred SY 79038420.
'A' SY 78958421. Bowl barrow, damaged by modern banks with traces of a ditch visible on the north-east. Diameter of mound 24.0m. height 3.2m., with ditch 5.0m. wide where visible.
'B' SY 79008421. Bell barrow with overall diameter of 30.0m., and height 3.3m. Ditch. 4.0m. wide, is visible on all except south side. Berm 1.0m. wide.
'C' SY 79038421. Bell barrow: diameter 18.0m. and height 3.0m., with a berm 1.0m. wide. There are faint and unsurveyable traces of a ditch.
'D' SY 79068420. Bowl barrow: diameter 17.0m. and height 1.6m., with a central excavation hollow 9.0m. in diameter. Faint and unsurveyable traces of a ditch.
'E' No visible remains.
'F' SY 79108420. Barrow with a possible berm visible on west side only which may be mutilation; on all other sides resembles a bowl. Diameter overall 26.0m., height 2.2m., with a ditch 4.5m. wide visible on all sides except the south.
'G' SY 79058420. A possible barrow. An irregular-shaped mound out of line with the other barrows in this group; very mutilated, with excavation hollow. Diameter 14.0m., height 1.3m. No visible ditch.
The probable pond barrow at SY 79008421 was not found.
Re-surveyed at 1:2500 on MSD. (8)
( 1) Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) OS 6" 1891
( 2) General reference - Hutchins Hist of Dorset 3rd Ed 1 1861 346
( 3) General reference - Celtic Tumuli of Dorset 1866 pt 3 49-50 (C Warne)
( 4) General reference - Dorchester Mus Index
( 4a) General reference - BA Pottery 2 1912 42 121 (J Abercromby)
( 5) General reference - Dorset Barrows 1959 98 163 172 (L V Grinsell)
( 6) General reference - RCHM Dorset 2 pt 3 1970 441 476
( 7) Field Investigators Comments F1 NVQ 29-AUG-52
( 8) Field Investigators Comments F2 JGB 17-JUL-80
A linear barrow cemetery comprising bowl barrows, a pond barrow, and a quadruple bell barrow. All but one of the 10 mounds noted by Grinsell and RCHME survive as earthworks, although several have suffered from plough damage. In addition, three further sites have been noted as cropmarks. 4 of the barrows were dug into by Harold St George Gray and CS Prideaux in 1903, while others also appear to have been subject to unrecorded antiquarian digging. All the barrows were previously recorded here (see description). However, all have now been recorded individually. See associated monument records for details of specific barrows. However, this record still contains additional sources and information relating to the barrow group as a whole.
(Centred SY 648874) Tumuli [NR] (three times). (1)
Ten barrows including a pound barrow ('F') and a quadruple bell barrow ('K'), form an irregular linear cemetery orientated
roughly North West to South East on top of the second spur east of Shorn Hill. 'K' is unique in England. 'A', 'C', 'D' and 'F' were excavated by St George Gray and Prideaux in 1902.
'A', Ditched bowl (64658780). Diam 82 ft ht 12 ft. Excavated ditch was flat-bottomed, 10 1/2 ft wide and 3 1/2 ft deep, around original turf mound, 64 ft in diam, 9 ft high and capped with chalk. North-South section across centre revealed crouched male inhumation with handled Beaker Bowl in oblong chalk-cut grave, with three child inhumations and smaller jar nearby, all under flint cairn. South of these but still North of apparent centre, a ring of stones enclosed a cremation, fragments of incense cup and grooved copper dagger in wooden sheath (Wessex interment no 12). Many flint implements, cores, and flakes lay in and under mound.
'B' Bowl (64798770) 180 yds South East of 'A' Diam 41 ft, ht 3 ft Excavated in centre.
'C' Bowl (?) (64808757) 150 yds South of 'B'. Only slight mound remains. Diam 93 ft, ht 2 3/4 ft before excavation, which
revealed two primary crouched male inhumations, one with fragments of food-vessel and infant's bones, and a secondary cremation in woven grass bag under collared urn resting on stone slab. Near centre, circular hole 1 3/4 ft in diam and 1 1/2 ft deep contained animal bones. Flint implements, cores and flakes and a shale disc were in mound.
'D' Bowl (?) (64778746) 120 yds South South West of 'C'. Only slight mound remains. Crouched (male ?) inhumation in chalk-cut grave lay under flint cairn including burnt and unburnt human bones, potsherds and flint flakes and a scraper.
'E' Bowl (?) (64688743) on West Slope 100 yds West South West of 'D'. Small, ploughed almost flat.
'F' Pond barrow (?) (64738738) 100 yds South South West of 'D'. Flint-paved, surrounded by bank 76 ft in diam and 4 ft high above centre of hollow.
'G' Bowl (?) (64838639) 100 yds East of 'F'. Diam 140 ft, ht 6 ft Ploughed.
'H' Bowl (?) (64868728) 130 yds South South East of 'G' Diam 45 ft, ht 3 ft.Ploughed.
'J' Bowl (64958721) 100 yds South East of 'H' Diam 115 ft, ht 15 ft. Excavation trench across centre. Fir-covered.
'K' Quadruple bell (65008714) 50 yds South East of 'J'. Four adjacent mounds, hts 7 ft to 8 ft and diams North-South 84 ft
67 ft, 62 ft and 67 ft, along axis of spur in North West to South East line, surrounded by ditch 15 ft wide and 1 ft deep.
Overall length of mounds 280 ft. North mound slightly West of alignment of others and damaged by excavation. Ploughing has
destroyed berm. (2,3)
'A'. SY 64648780. Bowl barrow in arable, not ploughed, with a ditch on the south side only. Diameter of mound 27.5m., height
3.0m., with a flat top 7.5m. diameter. Ditch 6.0m. wide and 0.2m. deep.
'B'. SY 64788770. Bowl barrow, in arable, which has been ploughed over. Diameter 20.0m., height 1.0m. Is truncated by
4.0m. on the east side. No visible ditch.
'C' SY 64808757. Bowl barrow, ploughed almost flat. Diameter 16.0m. approximately, height 0.3m. No visible ditch.
'D'. SY 64768746. Bowl barrow in arable, visible as a slight swelling with concentration of stones. Diameter 12.0m.
approximately, height 0.2m. No visible ditch.
'E'. No trace remains.
'F'. SY 64748738. Pond barrow in arable, with bank on western half of the perimeter only. Overall diameter 32.0m., depth 1.3m., with 4.0m. wide bank where existing. A good example.
'G'. SY 64838639. Bowl barrow under grass in ploughed field. Diameter 40.0m., height 3.0m. No visible ditch.
'H'. SY 64868727. Bowl barrow under grass in arable field - has been ploughed down. Diameter 26.0m., height 1.0m. No visible
'J'. SY 64948720. Tree-covered bowl barrow in small copse. Diameter 37.0m., height 4.4m. No visible ditch.
'K' SY 64998713. Quadruple barrow. Four mounds surrounded by common ditch. Their diameters are, from north to south, 28.0m.,
25.0m., 25.0m., and 27.0m., and their heights 2.5m. 2.0m., 1.8m., and 2.0m., respectively. The ditch is approximately 4.0m. wide and 0.2m. deep, and is not visible at the southern extremity of the barrow. There are vague traces of an outer bank beyond the ditch on the west side of the complex.
Re-surveyed at 1:2500 on M.S.D.
(SY64828728; 64828720; 64818712) The cropmarks of three probable barrows on Crawford air photograph, could not be traced in arable field. (4)
Aerial photograph of the "quadruple bell" barrow. (5)
(1) Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) OS 6" 1963
(2) Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England) 1970 An inventory of historical monuments in the County of Dorset. Volume two : south-east [in three parts] Page(s)469
(2a) Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club Gray, H St George, and CS Prideaux. Barrow Digging at Martinstown, near Dorchester, 1903. 26, 1905 Page(s)6-39
(2b) by L V Grinsell 1953 The ancient burial-mounds of England
(3) by L V Grinsell 1959 Dorset barrows Page(s)153-4, 167, 173
(4) Field Investigators Comments F1 JGB 06-MAY-80
(4c) Aerial photograph AP (Crawford Collection No. 1633)
(5) Aerial archaeology : the journal for air photography and archaeology 10, 1984 Page(s)56
(SY 81999900) Inscribed Stone on site of (NAT) Deverel Barrow (NR). (1)
SY 81999900 Deverel Barrow was excavated by W A Miles in 1824 when it measured 54 ft diameter and 12 ft high. Within the mound and resting on the old ground surface was a semi-circle of sarsen stones. Each of these stones, with the exception of the two largest, covered cists cut into the chalk, containing, in total, some seventeen cremations in globular and bucket urns set upright. Near the largest sarsen stone lay a cremation, possibly primary, in an inverted collared urn surrounded by flints. On the barrow floor were four more cremations in globular and bucket urns as well as four unaccompanied cremations. Five more chalk-cut cists containing cremation only, were also seen.
The globular and bucket urns and cremation ritual found within Deverel Barrow represented a culture phase within the Late Bronze Age period, now known as the Deverel-Rimbury culture (for Rimbury urnfield - see SY 68 SE 35).
Deverel Barrow is now almost entirely destroyed but its site is marked by a circular walled enclosure planted with trees. Inside, the only remains are a number of large stones on a slight mound.
An inscribed stone recording the excavation was set up in 1827 but this is now fragmented. (2). (2-3)
The site of Deverel Barrow is as described by R.C.H.M. (2) except that the inscribed stone fragments cannot now be identified. (4)
( 1) Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) OS 6" 1968
( 2a) General reference - The Deverel Barrow 1826 (W A Miles)
( 2b) General reference - Celtic Tumuli of Dorset pt 3 No 59 (C Warne)
( 2c) General reference - Ant J 13 433-4
( 2d) General reference - Arch J 119 1962 57
( 2) General reference - RCHM Dorset 3 pt 2 1970 181-182 No 30
( 3) General reference - B A Round Barrow in Brit 1960 50 155-156 (P Ashbee)
( 4) Field Investigators Comments F1 JGB 29-MAY-81
A bowl barrow situated on a chalk ridge, overlooking the Frome Valley to the north. The barrow, which is known as the Clandon Barrow, has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint with maximum dimensions of 30 metres in diameter and circa 3 metres in height. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visible, having become infilled over the years, but it will survive as a buried feature circa 3 metres wide. The barrow was partly excavated by Cunnington in 1882, when a cremation burial within an urn, a copper dagger, shale mace head, bronze ring and gold plate were all recovered. The excavations did not extend to the primary burial. The finds from the excavation are now held in the Dorset County Museum. Scheduled monument number 451916.
Clandon Barrow, of bowl type (SY 65648900) - in prominent position above 300 ft. contour on flat ground at W. end of local ridge. Diam. 90 ft., ht. 18 ft. Markedly conical in profile. Cunnington partly excavated the mound in 1882 without reaching primary burial, and bottom of his pit being probably 9 ft. above original ground surface. About 6 ft. from the top was flint cairn about 1 ft. thick and 8 ft. in diam. Below it, sherds of an incense cup were scattered on a layer of white clay; among the flints were fragments of an amber cup; and on the flints were a grooved copper dagger with traces of a wooden sheath and an attached small bronze ring, a quadrangular gold plate and a shale mace-head with five gold-capped bosses. 1 ft. higher was a cremation in a crushed, typologically early, collared urn on a thin layer of ashes and small flints. 4 ft. higher and 2 ft. from the top of the mound two stone-lined graves, possibly Romano-British, lay E.-W. 4 ft. apart, each with an inhumation on a layer of fine sand. The mound largely consisted of layers of sands, clays and gravels.
Finds in Dorset County Museum. (2-3)
SY 65638900. Clandon Barrow, (name not confirmed), lies in arable. It is very steep sided, and although not ploughed over it has been damaged by ploughing at the edges. Diameter 30.0m, height 5.5m, with a flat top of 5.0m diameter: there is no visible ditch.
Re-surveyed at 1:2500 on MSD. (4)
Clandon Barrow, Winterbourne St Martin 31. Of the finds from the excavation (Authy 2 and 3) some of which comprise a 'Wessex' I grave group, the macehead is of jet, the grooved bronze dagger is Gerloff's Amorico-British B (Cressingham type), the collared urn is Primary Series and the 'incense-cup' is a bipartite accessory vessel. (5)
SY 656890 (SY 68 NE 23) and SY 665894 (SY 68 NE 26). Two round barrows on Clandon Farm. Scheduled. (6-8)
The assemblage of material from the barrow is reinterpretted in the wider Atlantic and European context. The assemblage possibly represents a much deeper religious significance for the site than had hitherto been recognised. (9)
( 1) Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) 6" 1963
( 2) Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England) 1970 An inventory of historical monuments in the County of Dorset. Volume two : south-east [in three parts] Part 3 Page(s)471
( 3) by L V Grinsell 1959 Dorset barrows Page(s)152
( 4) Field Investigators Comments F1 JGB 21-MAY-80
( 5a) Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 27 (1961) Page(s)263-306
( 5b) by Sabine Gerloff 1975 The Early Bronze Age daggers in Great Britain and a reconsideration of the Wessex Culture
Prehistorische Bronzefunde Abt.6, Bd.2
( 5) by L V Grinsell 1982 Dorset barrows supplement Page(s)4, 17-19, 56
( 6) by Department of the Environment, Ancient Monuments and Historic Buildings London 1978 List of ancient monuments in England: Volume 1, Northern England; Volume 2, Southern England; Volume 3, East Anglia and the Midlands 2 Page(s)74
( 7) General reference - DOE Inspectorate of Ancient Monument Record Form July 1957
( 8) Scheduled Monument Notification 11/07/1997
( 9) Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 74, 2008 Page(s)1-52
A trial excavation of Bradford barrow in 1968 to assess quarry damage discovered a sherd of Romano British pottery, a piece of iron and an oyster shell in the surrounding ditch indicating a Romano British date. This interpretation is further supported by Grinsell. Scheduled Monument No. 209466
Bradford Barrow, a bowl barrow consisting of a large conical mound 118ft in diameter and 20ft high, with traces of a surrounding ditch. According to Grinsell the profile of the mound suggests the possibility of a Roman date. (2-3)
NE of Bradford Barrow a quarry has breached about 30ft of the barrow ditch. A trial excavation carried out in 1969 to assess the damage revealed the ditch to be flat bottomed and about 6ft wide and 4 1/2ft deep. There were very few finds but a piece of corroded iron work from the undisturbed clay fill proved that the mound was not Bronze Age. An oyster shell and a Romano-British sherd were also found and a Romano-British date for the mound is strongly inferred. (4)
( 1) Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) OS 6" 1963
( 2) Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England) 1975 An inventory of historical monuments in the County of Dorset. Volume five : east Dorset 1975 Page(s)53
( 3) General reference - Grinsell L V. 1959. Dorset Barrows 122 No 5
( 4) Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society - (D A White) 95 - 1973 Page(s)30-33
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Hail and Welcome
Chance was born in Ratae in the year of the Rat, and grew up in the territory of the Corieltauvi. Now living days walk west of Wale-dich (Avebury), on the border between the Atrebates, the Durotriges and the Dobunni.
Practical experience of excavation on Neolithic, Bronze-age, Roman sites.
Enjoys exploring on bicycle, with wild camp provisions along Roman roads and ancient Celtic tracks. Interested in the various tribes, how they divided their land, their agricultural calendar, their common beliefs and ritual systems. Often attends the tribal meetings held at Avebury and Stonehenge.
Contact - Chippychance on UTube