The Modern Antiquarian. Ancient Sites, Stone Circles, Neolithic Monuments, Ancient Monuments, Prehistoric Sites, Megalithic Mysteries

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Wolfershiel (Hillfort) — Links

Keys to the past entry


Wolfershiel (Hillfort) — Miscellaneous

More of a cropmark than a clear hillfort but site and shape are clear to see on Google Earth.

White House Folly Hill (Cist) — Images (click to view fullsize)

<b>White House Folly Hill</b>Posted by mascot

Tosson Burgh (Hillfort) — Miscellaneous

One I've yet to visit - researched off the web but a quick look at google earth shows this is clearly a large feature and well worth a visit given it's location (views should be great).

Tosson Burgh (Hillfort) — Images

<b>Tosson Burgh</b>Posted by mascot

Tosson Burgh (Hillfort) — Links

Keys to the past


Warkshaugh Farm (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery) — Images

<b>Warkshaugh Farm</b>Posted by mascot<b>Warkshaugh Farm</b>Posted by mascot

Warkshaugh Farm (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery) — Links

Google Books


Write up of the original dig with the plates in Transactions of the Natural History Society of Northumberland - Vol 1

Warkshaugh Farm (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery) — Miscellaneous

Not a site I've visited but one I've added from research on the web.

Looks like most if not all of the original barrow has been ploughed away but it was found in 1864 excavated in 1864-5 and this was written up at the time.

I've attached a couple of plates from the original dig and links to the write up of this in "Transactions of the Natural History Society of Northumberland - vol 1, p157"

Original dig was by Rev. Geo. Rome Hall.

He notes even then,

"The outline of the barrow has long been rendered indistinct by yearly tillage; but it can be remembered since it stood at least two feet higher than it does now. The ring of larger stones which usually encircles the base of such tumuli could be easily seen at the east and north, within which the level surface appears to have had a rough kind of pavement. Here, where many of the stones were reddened throughout by fire...."

and,

"The whole barrow must have been not less than sixty feet in diameter. Its internal arrangements are of peculiar interest. The southern cist, as we have seen, was connected with the largest urn by a rude kind of flagged path..."

See links for more details

Warkshaugh Farm (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery) — Links

Keys to the Past entry


Norway (Country) — News

New rock art finds in Norway


Looks a lot different from UK rock art of the same period but interesting to compare these finds with what we see when out and about.

Given the site of these finds (west coast of Norway) and the period (late Iron Age) I can't believe there wasn't some form of cultural exchange across the North Sea to Shetland/Orkney?

http://www.pasthorizons.com/index.php/archives/02/2011/norways-secret-petroglyphs

News

Aboriginal Sundial Pre-Dates Stonehenge


Interesting news article on research from Oz on local "sundial" that pre-dates stonehenge.

http://www.news.com.au/technology/sci-tech/ancient-aboriginal-eyes-were-on-the-skies/story-fn5fsgyc-1226000523978

More information on the site here:

http://www.atnf.csiro.au/research/AboriginalAstronomy/Examples/WurdiYouang.htm

Stonehenge and its Environs — News

English Heritage photo rights trawl getting wider publicity


I know this has been covered before and affects wider than Stonehenge but it's interesting to see that EH's approach to photo rights is getting wider exposure (pun intended).

http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20101020/04044411496/english-heritage-organization-claiming-it-holds-effective-copyright-on-any-and-all-photos-of-stonehenge.shtml

http://yro.slashdot.org/story/10/10/21/0019257/All-Your-Stonehenge-Photos-Are-Belong-To-England

News

"Out of Africa" date being revised from stone tool finds?


BBC carrying news item on new stone tool finds that potentially point to an earlier date for the spread of human ancestors from Africa.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-11327442

Yearns Low (Round Barrow(s)) — Links

Revealing Cheshire's Past


Another page mentions the Roman reuse of the barrow.

Charles Head (Round Barrow(s)) — Fieldnotes

Bronze Age Round Barrow - scheduled monument. Has a dry stone wall going over it.

Charles Head (Round Barrow(s)) — Links

Revealing Cheshire's Past


Reed Hill (Round Barrow(s)) — Links

Pastscape - English Heritage


Reed Hill (Round Barrow(s)) — Fieldnotes

Bronze Age Round Barrow - scheduled monument.

Clearly visible at the top of Reed Hill. Shown on some maps as a cairn but was excavated in 1911/12

"It was surveyed and excavated in 1911. The mound itself was composed of closely packed pebbles and covered in a turf layer. The primary burial was a chamber built of gritstone in the form of a beehive. Sunk into the mud floor was a mass of cremated human bones. A secondary stone cist was found but there were no human remains inside."

Reed Hill (Round Barrow(s)) — Links

Revealing Cheshire's Past


Sea Houses Farm (Cup Marked Stone) — Images

<b>Sea Houses Farm</b>Posted by mascot<b>Sea Houses Farm</b>Posted by mascot

Further Harrop (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery) — Images

<b>Further Harrop</b>Posted by mascot

Craster Heugh (Enclosure) — Fieldnotes

Visited the site in July 2010 and took some photos.

Access to the site is best from Craster village itself. Follow signs for the smoke house (home of Craster Kippers) and turn right up Whin Hill just after the smoke house itself. Go straight up Whin Hill, straight across the first road you meet (slight, left, right kink crossroad) and Whin Hill turns into a track bearing left. A little later the track starts to turn to the right, ignore the right hand fork here and proceed west up the main track. Ahead you'll start to see the banking of the enclosure on the skyline.

The site is listed as being an Iron Age enclosure. The "defended" area makes use of the natural cliffs for protection to the north and west, with raised banking (with at least a single ditch) to the east and south.

Roughly rectangular in shape around 50m North/South and 25m East/West at it's widest, tapering towards the north.

Bank and ditch are impressive from the east and look defensive in scale. The cliffs to the west offer great protection (careful here as there is no fencing around what is a 20+m drop) and great views.

Craster Heugh (Enclosure) — Images

<b>Craster Heugh</b>Posted by mascot<b>Craster Heugh</b>Posted by mascot<b>Craster Heugh</b>Posted by mascot<b>Craster Heugh</b>Posted by mascot

Further Harrop (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery) — Images

<b>Further Harrop</b>Posted by mascot

Further Harrop (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery) — Links

Local Heritage Initiative


Wildflower Walk at Harrop.

Further Harrop (Barrow / Cairn Cemetery) — Fieldnotes

Bronze Age barrow - marked as "Tumulus" on OS maps. Easily seen from the road side in the corner of the field between the small corpse of trees and the road, around 15m in diameter and 1m high.

One reference (see below) states this is a "roman barrow" and that it was excavated by the University of Manchester in 1936 but I can find no no other references to back this up. Claims of grave goods - "there was a pot inside with all the jewels in the middle" in this reference but again references to back this up.

Checked with "Barrows of the Peak District: Recent research, Barnett & Collins, 1996" and there is no record there of any excavations at this site so nothing to back up the roman point above.

News

Australian Rock Art may be 40,000 years old


Interesting article at link below - "An Australian Aboriginal rock art may depict a giant bird that is thought to have become extinct some 40,000 years ago, thereby making it the oldest rock painting on the island continent. "

http://scienceblogs.com/grrlscientist/2010/05/australian_aboriginal_rock_art.php

Cut Hill (Stone Row / Alignment) — News

Date for Cut Hill stone monument set at 3,500 BC


Guardian on-line has details of Carbon Dating of peat at Cut Hill showing the monument was raised around 3,500 BC.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2010/apr/19/ancient-stones-devon-dartmoor

Scotland (Country) — News

Mathematical analysis of Scottish Stone Art points to lost language?


At New Scientist web site:

"Elaborate symbols and ornate depictions of animals carved in stone by an ancient Scottish people have given up their secret – to mathematics. Statistical analysis reveals that the shapes are a forgotten written language. The method could help interpret many other enigmatic scripts – and even analyse animal communication....."

http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18725-mathematics-of-ancient-carvings-reveals-lost-language.html

Full research article available at:

http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2010/03/26/rspa.2010.0041.full.pdf+html

News

Marked Egg Shells Oldest Form of Symbolism?


BBC web site reports findings of 60,000 year old egg shells with clear circular markings.

Finds come from Western Cape area of South Africa.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8544332.stm

Most Europeans descended from Early Farmers


Interesting news item on the BBC web site.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/8467623.stm

Claim is that:
"Most men in Europe can trace a line of descent to early farmers who migrated from the Near East, a study says."

Link to research paper mentioned in news item
http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.1000285

White House Folly Hill (Cist) — Images

<b>White House Folly Hill</b>Posted by mascot<b>White House Folly Hill</b>Posted by mascot<b>White House Folly Hill</b>Posted by mascot

White House Folly Hill (Cist) — Fieldnotes

Discovered details on the cists and the grave goods found there in "The history of the borough, castle, and barony of Alnwick" by George Tate, 1866.

Google books link at http://www.archive.org/stream/historyboroughc01tategoog/historyboroughc01tategoog_djvu.txt

Text below based on a clean up of the Google scan.

"On the White House grounds, now forming the north-west corner of Holn Park, three other sepulchres have been discovered.

One was opened in 1818 and contained a skeleton, by the side of which stood an elegant shaped drinking cup, covered with zigzag scorings ; it is said to have contained ashes — Plate II, fig, 1. This is the shape most usually met with in Ancient British interments in North Northumberland; elegant in form and in ornamentation, they exhibit no small degree of artistic taste. Another cist-vaen in this locality
was found in 1833 ; but of this we have no definite information; beyond the fact that the direction of the grave was from north to south. Of the third sepulchre, however, which was opened in 1863, we have more particular knowledge. The cist-vaen was as usual formed of sandstone slabs, the length being 2 feet 9 inches, the width 1 foot 10 inches, and the direction from N.E. to S.W. ; within was laid a skeleton with the head towards the south-west end, the body bent, the knees being drawn up towards the head ; and nearly in the centre stood an urn or vase, which is 5 inches in height, with four knobs at the side, and ornamented with characteristic zigzag scorings — Plate II, fig, 3. The skeleton was that of a young person, about 12 years of age ; for the temporary canine teeth had disappeared, and the permanent canine teeth were making their appearance; while also the sutures of the skull were very distinct. Unfortunately the cranium was broken and incomplete ; but so much remained as to admit of its general characters being determined ; it was a short, broad, and compact head; the longitudinal diameter being 6.3 inches and the parietal diameter 5 inches, giving a proportion of nearly 10 to 8, which marks the cranium of the Brachy-cephalic type. The form is well rounded, but there is a peculiar flattening from the occipital protuberance to the foramen magnum, probably due to artificial compression ; for Dr. Barnard Davis, the distinguished author of the "Crania Britannica,'' has shewn that some ancient tribes modified by artificial means the natural form of the skull. Even now some of the American Indians distort the heads of their children by the use of a cradle board. Singular is it, that in the sepulchre of so young a person, there was a rude flint arrow head about one inch in length, and of the same character as one found in a similar interment at Wandylaw — Plate II, fig, 9. Other vases of the same kind from the district, preserved in the Alnwick Castle Museum, shew a gradual advance in Ancient British fictile art ; one from Warkworth has, in place of mere knobs, small but well shaped perforated handles."

Added the three plate pictures referred to in the text to the site.

Sea Houses Farm (Cup Marked Stone) — Images

<b>Sea Houses Farm</b>Posted by mascot<b>Sea Houses Farm</b>Posted by mascot<b>Sea Houses Farm</b>Posted by mascot

Sea Houses Farm (Cup Marked Stone) — Fieldnotes

Cup marked stone discovered when walking back from a visit to
Howick Settlement and Howick Hillfort.

Original photo was put up as a possible cup mark at the hillfort site and Rockart contacted me to add to BRAC, so it looks like the real deal.

The main image shows the cup marked rock. There is one deep cup at the top and other possible cup marks below. The rock itself is only partially exposed so there could be others marks. It appears to be gritstone type rock.

Access is easy, parking near Sea Houses Farm south of Craster then a short walk down access road to the sea side path. Go south down this till you come to a style and then cut back on yourself to the left and up the path to the top of Rumbling Kern.

You can clearly see the path I mention going diagonally up from left to right on Google Earth. The path cuts through gorse (darker green in the photo view on google earth) at the grid ref given and the panel is visible (on the ground not on Google earth) at the left hand edge of the gorse patch on
the right hand side, right next to the path.

You can combine a visit here with a trip to both Howick Settlement and Hillfort - image showing round trip path added to help.

Howick Hillfort (Enclosure) — Images

<b>Howick Hillfort</b>Posted by mascot

Alnmouth Wall Rocks (Cup and Ring Marks / Rock Art) — Links

Northumberland Rock Art (Beckensall Archive)



British Rock Art Collection


BRAC details for the wall site with lots of photos.

Howick (Ancient Village / Settlement / Misc. Earthwork) — Images

<b>Howick</b>Posted by mascot

Howick Hillfort (Enclosure) — Images

<b>Howick Hillfort</b>Posted by mascot
Previous 50 | Showing 51-100 of 206 posts. Most recent first | Next 50
Based in Cheshire but spend a lot of time in Northumberland I've always been interested in things Iron Age and earlier.

I now have the time to combine this interest with walking and taking photos so I hope to add content where I can.

My TMA Content: